Energy context

During the last decade, Morocco has witnessed an increase in demand for primary energy by an average of nearly 5%. This growth is mainly driven by a steady rate of electricity consumption, averaging around 6.5% per year, generally due to the near-generalization of rural electrification, the dynamism of the national economy and the population growth. Indeed, Morocco is at a turning point of its development, a phase conducted on all fronts of the economy and which has allowed the launch of several sector proactive strategies and the realization of major projects, such as road and railway infrastructure, integrated industrial platforms, agropoles, and even an increase in tourist infrastructure. These major projects present great challenges to supply energy, in a constant and sustainable way, to all the growth fields of the country.

Furthermore, Morocco is also confronted with a strong energy constraint caused by its dependence on imports of commercial energies, a situation which makes the country highly vulnerable to the scarcity of fossil fuels and volatility of their prices. Moreover, the extensive use of traditional energy (fuel wood and charcoal), particularly in rural areas, poses a threat to forest cover and an increased risk for sustainable development.

Projections undertaken by the Ministry of Energy forecast a tripling of primary energy demand and quadrupling of electricity demand by year 2030. Meeting this growth requires diversification of energy sources. Objective : Secure the country’s supply by implementing solutions that meet the requirements of the economic component but also take into account the environmental aspects and the resulting societal issues.

Therefore, and under the enlightened guidance of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, a plan for a profound transformation of the Moroccan energy landscape was launched.

The Speech of his Majesty the King Mohammed VI of July 30th 2008

Par ailleurs, le Maroc est confronté aussi à une forte contrainte énergétique causée par sa dépendance en importation des énergies commerciales qui représente 94,6 % en énergie fossile, une situation qui rend le pays fortement vulnérable à la raréfaction des énergies fossiles et à la volatilité de leurs prix. Par ailleurs, l’utilisation extensive de l’énergie traditionnelle (bois de feu et charbon de bois), notamment dans le milieu rural, constitue une menace pour le couvert forestier et un risque accru pour le développement durable.

Les projections établies par le Ministère de l’énergie prévoient le triplement de la demande en énergie primaire et le quadruplement de la demande électrique à l’horizon 2030. La satisfaction de cette croissance nécessite une diversification des sources d’énergie. Objectif : Sécuriser l’approvisionnement du pays en mettant en œuvre des solutions qui répondent aux exigences du volet économique mais qui prennent également en compte les aspects environnementaux et les enjeux sociétaux qui en résultent.

Ainsi, et sous la conduite éclairée de sa Majesté le Roi Mohammed VI, un plan de mutation profond du paysage énergétique marocain a été lancé.

Speech of His Majesty during the COP21 (Reading by Prince Moulay Rachid)

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